报告题目：Beyond fossil fuels for a transformative energy and chemistry
Low-carbon production has been often considered just a socio-political driver to reduce mitigate climate change and secure/diversify the energy resources. This lecture will remark how instead economic and other motivations are accelerating the transformation of current energy and chemistry production, with the transition already in act, but with innovation in catalysis and nanomaterials, as well as in associated chemical engineering, being a main factor limiting the rate of this change.
This transition will completely change our current models (and related technologies) of production, passing from fossil fuels centred systems (both as carbon and energy source) to the use of alternative C-sources in strong symbiosis with the use of renewable energy sources. A consequence is that the current production model, based on the economy of scale and large plant sites (suffering today of many environmental and societal issues) due largely to the need of heat integration, will be changed to a distributed model, with easy scalable (parallelized approach), faster time to marked and high flexible processes.
The lecture will first analyze the scenario opened from this transition to a new (sustainable and low carbon) chemistry and energy, in relation to the change in their nexus and related influence on economics, and the impact on catalysis and zeolites. It will then discuss some options for a short, medium and longer term change. For short term, the use of waste as alternative C-source is discussed,with an analysis of the waste to chemical possibilities and an analysis of the role of chemical energy storage to enable the transition to a renewable-energy-driven economy. For medium- and longer-term, the role of electrocatalytic and photo-electro-catalytic technologies, the latter in relation to the development of artificial-leaf type devices, is discussed.
Gabriele Centi is full professor of Industrial Chemistry at the University of Messina, Italy, and President of the European Research Institute of Catalysis (ERIC). Research interests are in the areas of applied heterogeneous catalysis, sustainable energy and chemical processes, biomass conversion and environment protection.
He was coordinator of the EU Network of Excellence IDECAT, and is actually President of IACS (International Association of Catalysis Societies) and vice-President of the InterUniversity Consortium on the Science and Technology of Materials (INSTM). He was coordinator or PI in over twenty EU projects, besides many other national and industrial projects. He recently started and coordinated an ERC Synergy grant on plasma-catalysis. He received several awards, and is involved in various editorial activities, between which chairing the editorial board of ChemSusChem and be co-editor in chief of Journal of Energy Chemistry. He was chairperson of many international conferences, between which the last one Europacat 2017 in Florence and the 16th International Zeolite Conference joint with the 7th International Mesostructured Materials Symposium (Sorrento, Italy, 2010).
He is author of over 450 scientific publications, 12 books and editor of various special issues. Current h-index is 79 with over 23.200 citations (Google Scholar).